Construction of the tidal power plant proposed by vonMelyn – the utility company of Mount Vema will start in December this year and will be completed just before 2020. The project is designed to become a reliable source of electricity for the entire City of Mount Vema.
According to the company's plans, the output of the City of Mount Vema Power Plant network which will operate 24 hours a day will exceed 3200 MW with a power capacity the equivalent of just over 1 million homes. More than the capacity Mount Vema will needed to keep the lights on 24/7, as any excess energy would be stored for later.
Tidal power or tidal energy is a form of hydropower that converts the energy obtained from tides into useful forms of power, mainly electricity. Although not yet widely used, tidal energy has potential for future electricity generation. Tides are more predictable than the wind and the sun.
A tidal generator converts the energy of tidal flows into electricity. Greater tidal variation and higher tidal current velocities can dramatically increase the potential of a site for tidal electricity generation. Because the Earth's tides are ultimately due to gravitational interaction with the Moon and Sun and the Earth's rotation, tidal power is practically inexhaustible and classified as a renewable energy resource.
The City of Mount Vema tidal project is another boost for the Mount Vema economy in terms of engineering, construction and manufacturing. The technology concept is simple but innovative, supported by a network of floating structures with specially designed turbines. The structures are also especially designed to prevent any harm to the marine environment.
Because the Mount Vema economy will depend heavily on fisheries, the marine life was a huge factor when the concept was proposed. Precautions were made to ensure that the marine animals will not be affected. Also, the issue of acoustic output has been solved, where frequency and amplitude of sound generated by the tidal energy devices, can have varying effects on marine mammals (particularly those who echolocate to communicate and navigate in the marine environment, such as dolphins and whales).
Almost like a lagoon tidal power, the plant will have walls embedded with turbines that can capture the potential energy of tides. The network of reservoirs will be similar to those of tidal barrages, except that it will float.
The power plant will rely on variation of tides over a day to take its power from the Earth's oceanic tides. Tidal forces are periodic variations in gravitational attraction exerted by celestial bodies. These forces create corresponding motions or currents in the world's oceans. Due to the strong attraction to the oceans, a bulge in the water level is created, causing a temporary increase in sea level. As the Earth rotates, this bulge of ocean water meets the shallow water adjacent to the shoreline and creates a tide.
The tidal occurrence takes place in an unfailing manner, due to the consistent pattern of the moon's orbit around the earth. The magnitude and character of this motion reflects the changing positions of the Moon and Sun relative to the Earth, the effects of Earth's rotation, and local geography of the sea floor and coastlines.
Tidal power is the only technology that draws on energy inherent in the orbital characteristics of the Earth–Moon system, and to a lesser extent in the Earth–Sun system. Other natural energies exploited by human technology originate directly or indirectly with the Sun, including fossil fuel, conventional hydroelectric, wind, biofuel, wave and solar energy. Nuclear energy makes use of Earth's mineral deposits of fissionable elements, while geothermal power taps the Earth's internal heat, which comes from a combination of residual heat from planetary accretion (about 20%) and heat produced through radioactive decay (80%).